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Ley de Estadounidenses con Discapacidades

La Ley de Estadounidenses con Discapacidades (ADA) es una legislación histórica de derechos civiles que fue aprobada en 1990. El objetivo de la ADA es dar forma a la sociedad estadounidense para incluir a las personas con discapacidad en varias áreas clave, como por empleo, los programas y actividades del gobierno estatal y local, y las empresas y organizaciones sin fines de lucro abiertas al público. La Ley ADA tiene cinco títulos.

  • El Título I se refiere al empleo.
  • El Título II aborda los programas, servicios y actividades del gobierno estatal y local (entidades públicas).
  • El Título III se aplica a las empresas y organizaciones sin fines de lucro que están abiertas al público lugares (acomodo público).
  • El Título IV estableció el sistema de retransmisión para acceso telefónico para personas sordas o con problemas de audición.
  • El Título V tiene requisitos que se aplican a la ADA en su conjunto y cómo la ADA impacta otras leyes.

En 2008, el Congreso fortaleció y aclaró la ADA con la Ley de Enmiendas de ADA (ADAAA, por sus siglas en inglés).

[ Ver también: Reseña de la Ley ADA ]

Artículos

  • Cómo Presentar una Queja
    Si usted siente que la Ley ADA, o un estatuto relacionado, no está siendo cumplida, puede presentar una queja. Este artículo le ayuda a saber dónde reportar el problema.
  • ¿Qué es la Ley de Estadounidenses con Discapacidades?
    La Ley ADA incluye una definición de discapacidad y tiene cinco títulos (secciones) que prohíben una amplia gama de discriminaciones.
  • La Ley ADA y los Empleadores
    Un resumen de los aspectos clave de la Ley para Estadounidenses con Discapacidades (ADA, por sus siglas en inglés) y la Ley de Rehabilitación, con relación al empleo.
  • La Ley ADA y los Estacionamientos
    Los estacionamientos accesibles son una característica común en los estacionamientos y una pregunta que recibimos muy frecuentemente en la línea directa del Centro ADA del Noreste.
  • La Razón de Ser de la Ley ADA y su Negocio
    Si usted está cumpliendo con la ley ADA meramente para cumplir con un requerimiento legal, está perdiendo de vista el verdadero propósito de esta ley.

Pregunte a ADA

  • ¿Qué hay sobre el COVID-19?
    P. ¿Qué recursos recomienda para el COVID-19? R. Primero, reconozcamos que hacerle frente al COVID-19 puede ser muy difícil, y esperamos que esté bien a pesar de los desaf&...
  • ¿Puede llamar a ADA?
    ADA no es una agencia, organización o proveedor de servicio. ADA es una ley de derechos civiles que prohíbe la discriminación en contra de las personas con discapacidades en todas...
  • ¿La ADA no se aplica a todos los apartamentos y condominios?
    No, La Ley de Estadounidenses con Discapacidades (ADA, por sus siglas en inglés) no siempre se aplica a apartamentos y condominios. En términos de vivienda, las entidades del Títu...
  • ¿Estoy cubierto bajo la Ley ADA si soy envejeciente?
    Ser una persona mayor, por si, no ofrece protección bajo la Ley para Estadounidenses con Discapacidades (ADA). A medida que una persona envejece puede comenzar a experimentar cambios en la mane...
  • ¿Aplica la Ley ADA a las páginas y plataformas de Internet?
    Sí, la Ley para Estadounidenses con Discapacidades (ADA) aplica a páginas y plataformas en Internet en cuanto al Título II y el Título III. El Título II cubre a los...

Infográficas

Because of the ADA
Infographic titled 'Because of the ADA.'

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) became law on July 26, 1990. The ADA is a federal civil rights law that prohibits discrimination against individuals with disabilities in all areas of public life, including access to jobs, schools, transportation, and public and private places that are open to the general public. The law is divided into five titles (or areas) where the various protections for people with disabilities are spelled out. The goal of the law is to make sure that people with disabilities have the same rights and opportunities as everyone else.

Here are just a few of the positive effects that can be observed today, all because of the ADA.

Are you going out into the community? You can park in an accessible parking space. You can take an accessible bus. You can easily enter stores because of a curb ramp and doors that are accessible. You can navigate through stores along a clear path of travel. Signage at areas like bathrooms is clear and concise with raised characters and Braille. Drinking fountains are accessible. The checkout counter and service counters you encounter are lower and more accessible. You can bring your service animal with you.

Are you going to the movies? theaters offer assisted listening devices to help you hear better.

Are you making a phone call? You can use a relay service to assist you with communication.

Are you going to a concert or sporting event? You have access to wheelchair accessible seats alongside your friends and family.

Are you going to work? You can request a change in how things are typically done from your employer, called a reasonable accommodation, to assist you with work tasks.

Are you going to vote or to a town meeting? Your polling place and municipal programs, offices and meetings must be accessible to you.

Are you going to the Doctor? You can request an interpreter to communicate more efficiently. You can request medical information in a manner that works for you.

Nearly 37 million people in our country have a disability and nearly 25% of today's 20 year olds will experience disability in their lifetime. (ADA National Network, ADA Anniversary Toolkit)

'This Act is powerful in its simplicity. it will ensure that people with disabilities are given the basic guarantees for which they have worked so long and hard. Independence, freedom of choice, control of their own lives, the opportunity to blend fully and equally into the rich mosaic of the American mainstream.' -President George H.W. Bush, ADA Signing Ceremony, July 26, 1990 Share on Facebook
Small Employer Survey Results #5
'Small Employer Survey Results #5'

Graphic shows example comic titled 'What is a Disability?' featuring two coworkers speaking and a caption: 95% of small employers in our survey found this comic format a helpful way to access information on disability.

Comic panel 1: “Small Companies and the ADA.” Coworker 2: 'I just read that the Americans with Disabilities Act applies to small companies. But no one here uses a wheelchair or is blind.' Subtitle: The employment provisions of the Americans with Disabilities Act apply to all businesses with fifteen or more employees.

Panel 2: “Disability Under the ADA.” Coworker 1: “Actually, 20% of the American population has a disability. Many disabilities you can’t even see. Conditions like hearing impairments, depression, and cancer may be disabilities under the ADA.” Subtitle: “Under the ADA, if an employee has an ongoing or serious medical/health condition that affects how the body works or the way they do their job, they might have a disability.”

Panel 3: “Covered Employees”. Coworker 2 thinking, “Huh. Tom has a slipped disc. Silvia has low vision, and Mateo deals with anxiety. These could all be disabilities under the ADA.” Subtitle: “In order to benefit from the protections of the ADA, an employee must disclose they have a disability to their employer.”

Source: Chang, H.-Y., von Schrader, S., & Strobel Gower, W. (2019). Small organizations and Title I of the ADA: A survey study in Region 2. Ithaca, NY: Yang-Tan Institute on Employment and Disability.

If you have questions about the Americans with Disabilities Act, contact us at 1-800-949-4232. Share on Facebook
ADA: Title V - Miscellaneous Provisions
'ADA: Title V - Miscellaneous Provisions'
Title V of the ADA gathers together a number of additional provisions of the ADA including:
- Prohibitions against retaliation for those that exercise their rights
- Clarification that the ADA does not override federal, state or local laws that provide equal or greater protections
- Provision of technical assistance to those who have rights or responsibilities under the ADA
- Creation and maintenance of accessible design standards
- Authorizing the use of settlement agreements and similar alternative means of dispute resolution
If you have questions about the Americans with Disabilities Act, contact us at 1-800-949-4232 Share on Facebook
Aging and the ADA
Infographic titled 'Aging and the ADA' featuring a senior couple in a movie theater.
The ADA benefits older people too!
How does the ADA Help?
Easy and safe parking. No more heavy doors. Ways to hear better at shows. Wide entrances and aisles. Easier access to information.

If you have questions about the Americans with Disabilities Act, contact the Northeast ADA Center at 1-800-949-4232 Share on Facebook
Important ADA Activists: Justin Dart Jr.
Infographic titled ‘Important ADA Activists: Justin Dart, Jr.’
 Father of the ADA.
 ‘Civil rights are not a guarantee of the good life, but an equal opportunity and responsibility to participate in producing the good life for oneself and for all. Government alone cannot implement ADA; this is a responsibility of all Americans…’
 Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Justin_Dart_Jr.
 Quote source: https://mn.gov/mnddc/ada-legacy/pdf/related-quotes-by-justin-dart.pdf
 If you have questions about the Americans with Disabilities Act, contact us at 1-800-949-4232 Share on Facebook

Webinars

  • ADA: 101.1 Defining Disability
    03/26/2021- Esta presentación se basará en la introducción a La Ley de Estadounidenses con Discapacidades (ADA, por sus siglas en inglés) que se realizó en el seminario web, ADA...
  • Access to Voting
    09/25/2019- Participating in the electoral process is a fundamental right in the United States. Voters with disabilities should have equal access and an equal opportunity to exercise this right. Join the Northeas...
  • Service Animal Scenarios
    03/27/2019- Chris Sweet, Northeast ADA Technical Assistance and Outreach Specialist, will present Service Animal Scenarios. Service animals often appear in popular media as a topic of contention as airlines, sto...
  • Best Practices for Serving Customers with Disabilities
    11/14/2018-  Shopping Season is Upon Us! Best Practices for Serving Customers with Disabilities   Join us to review both ADA requirements, and best practices, for retail establishments that help to en...
  • Accommodations for Healthcare in the Workplace
    09/26/2018-  When people think of accommodations in a health care environment, they often think of patients and visitors. However, health care professionals also have disabilities and may require a reasonabl...

Noticias